Update: Still haven’t seen the details, but according to the Press Release, the answer to question number three is a partial yes, with calls for “full funding” of SAGE (it isn’t really “full funding,” see here on the complexities of SAGE funding), increased sparsity aid, increased Bilingual/BiCultural aid in the second year, increased special education aid in the second year, new grant programs around STEM and vocational education, “educator effectiveness, ” and more). No poverty aid. For overall state funding the combined “categorical and general school aid” Evers calls for would be “a 2.4 percent increase in the first year of the budget, the same as the Consumer Price Index, and 5.5 percent in 2014-15.” I don’t see anything on Revenue Limits. More later.
Update #2: From a second Press Release, on Revenue Limits: “The plan restores revenue limit authority to all districts. It calls for an increase in the per pupil revenue limit to $225 per student in the first year of the budget and $230 per student in 2014-15.” More details on Fair Funding and other matters in this Press Release also. A district by district tally may be found here.
Wisconsin State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tony Evers will reveal the remainder of his 2013-15 budget proposal on Monday (the first portion was released in September, but it lacks full school finance information; WisconsinEye will be covering the event). Evers has also announced he is seeking re-election next April (campaign website here; see here for thoughts on elections and holding Evers and others accountable for their actions and inaction).
We know that Evers budget will be based on the Fair Funding For Our Future framework. We know that in outsourcing how our state defines what it means to be educated to American College Testing (the ACT) it will call for an increase in spending of time and money on standardized testing and the processing of standardized test based data (for a horror story outsourcing testing related things in Florida, see “The outsourcing of almost everything in state departments of education,” from Sherman Dorn. We know that it will in most ways be better than what Governor Scott Walker proposes, especially if the rumors that the Walker proposal will include Tim Sullivan’s “Performance Based Funding” are true ( by design this would direct resources away from those students and schools that are struggling and toward those that are thriving, an incredibly bad idea and the essence of the Republican philosophy). But there are some essential things we don’t know. Here are three things I’ll be keeping an eye on.
1. How much of an increase in State Aid will Evers call for?
Wisconsin school have endured huge cuts in state aid in both the last budgets. Depending on how you count the combined dollar total is close to $2 Billion. According to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, the per pupil cuts in Wisconsin have been the fourth largest in the nation. Here is their chart:
The vast majority of districts have experienced cuts in state aid (the most recent figures from the Legislative Fiscal Bureau, here). How much of this lost ground will Evers try to make up?
2. What increases in Revenue Limits will Evers call for?
The FitzWalker gang
essentially froze cut Revenue limits for 2011-12 and provided a $50/student increase for most districts for 2012-13. Revenue Limits matter. Higher Revenue Limits give local district the power to make up for lost state aid and more. To what extent will the DPI budget restore this local control? As the bar in expected achievement keeps getting raised, through a combination of state and local resources, we need to give the schools the resources they need to meet their challenges.
3. Will the DPI budget direct resources to those students and schools with higher needs?
In particular, will it call for increases in aid for English Language Learners, for Special Education, for SAGE reimbursements, for Sparsity (see this column for Kathleen Vinehout on school budgets in general and sparsity in particular)? Will it direct real aid to those schools identified as needing improvement by the new “Accountability” system (see here for a discussion of that system, including this issue).
One thing the new State Report Cards confirmed is that poverty is a great predictor of which students and schools are struggling. Will the Evers budget address this in a real way by providing additional resources instead of the property tax cuts to based on student poverty that have been in every other iteration of the Fair Funding plan? Property tax cuts don’t help students; students need help. For more on school funding “fairness,” see this report from the Eduction Law Center (Wisconsin doesn’t rank very well).
Those are the big three. I’ll also be looking at the size of the guaranteed state funding per pupil (which in essence replaces the levy credits in Fair Funding), what kind of “hold harmless” provisions Evers includes, and like all of us I’ll be looking at the impact of the package on my school district (along with a variety of other districts I’ve been informally tracking for years).
This is step one; the next steps involve key players like WEAC and WMC, advocates in general, the Governor and the Legislature. Much of what will happen with these is predictable. I can say with great confidence that I will consider whatever Tony Evers proposes to be better than what comes out of the Republican controlled budget process.
One thing I don’t know is how advocates and Democratic Legislators will react. If past actions and the recent press release from Senator Chris Larson are indications, they will follow Tony Evers lead and take up Fair Funding as their own. Depending on the answers to the questions offered here, I hope that people who care about our students, inside and outside the Legislature, keep an open mind to advocating for something better than Fair Funding, something that does make up the ground lost over four years of cuts, something that does give real local control, and most of all something that does a better job directing resources to the schools and students who most need the opportunities of quality public education. Penny for Kids would be a start, perhaps in conjunction with Fair Funding.